Sex: The term sex means that someone is male or female. The prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex also includes persons who have undergone, or who are planning to undergo, sex reassignment.
Transgender identity or expression: Transgender identity or expression describes persons who do not define themselves as a woman or a man or express by their manner of dressing or in some other way that they belong to another sex. The term includes both a person's mental or self-perceived gender image and how a person expresses what may be called their social gender through, for example, clothing, body language, make-up, or hairstyle.
The Discrimination Act's prohibition of discrimination applies to persons with a transgender identity or expression. It is an umbrella term for people who do not fit into social norms for gender identity or gender expression. Even a person who identifies as transsexual but does not intend to change their sex is covered under this law prohibiting discrimination.
Ethnicity: The term ’ethnicity’ refers to an individual's national or ethnic origin, skin colour, or other similar characteristics. National origin means that people have the same national affinity, such as Finns, Poles or Swedes. Ethnic origin means that people have a relatively uniform culture. As an example may be mentioned that a person belongs to one of the national minorities such as Sami and Roma. Everyone has one or more ethnicities. Anyone can therefore be subjected to ethnic discrimination.
Religion or other belief systems: ‘Religion’ refers to religious beliefs, such as Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity or Islam. Other belief systems include convictions which are based on or connected to a religious belief, such as Buddhism, atheism and agnosticism. Political views and ethical or philosophical values that are not related to religion are not covered by the Anti-Discrimination Act.
Disability: The term ‘disability’ refers to lasting physical, mental, or intellectual limitations of a person's functional capacity that as a consequence of injury or congenital illness has arisen or can be expected to arise. Temporary limitations of a person's functional capacity are not a disability in the sense referred to in the Anti-Discrimination Act.
Disability entails a reduction of a person's physical, mental or intellectual capacity. This is therefore something that a person has, not something that a person is. A disability may be more or less apparent in different situations. Examples of this are allergies, dyslexia, hearing impairment, visual impairment, and so on.
Sexual orientation: The law defines sexual orientation as homosexual, heterosexual and bisexual orientation. The prohibition against discrimination applies to all three of these sexual orientations. The Anti-Discrimination Law protects people in situations and conditions where there is a close connection to their sexual orientation, such as when they have sexual contact or when they live with someone of the same sex or of another sex.
Age: ‘Age’ means the longevity one has achieved. All people, regardless of age, are protected by the Anti-Discrimination Act since everyone has an age.
The law refers to a person’s physical age calculated from birth.
Discrimination can occur in various forms, based upon the above motives for discrimination. This can be a situation in which you are not provided with information or are not invited to participate on various occasions or that you are harassed. Or that your colleagues do not greet you.
Reference: Discrimination ombudsman 2018. About discrimination: http://www.do.se/om-diskriminering/skyddade-diskrimineringsgrunder/